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Conditions That Have Symptoms Similar to Uterine Cancer

Some women get noncancerous tumors in the wall of their uterus. These are called fibroid tumors or leiomyomas. They cause symptoms that include pelvic pain, unusual vaginal bleeding, and the urge to urinate frequently. These tumors are common and are not cancerous. Often, no treatment is necessary for fibroid tumors. 

Other women get endometriosis. In this condition, the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus is found in other areas of the body, usually in the pelvis. This is not cancer, but some women with endometriosis may have cramps and unusual vaginal bleeding, and some of them cannot have children.

An overgrowth of cells in the endometrial lining is called endometrial hyperplasia. This is a precancerous condition that can occur in women around the time of menopause. Unless it is treated, it may turn into cancer. Symptoms include unusual vaginal bleeding.

Symptoms of endometrial cancer, such as pelvic pain and bleeding, are similar to those of uterine sarcoma. Unusual bleeding after menopause may be a sign of either type of uterine cancer.

If you have any unusual vaginal bleeding, particularly after menopause, don’t ignore it. Make sure you see your doctor.

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