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Infectious Diseases

  • All About the Immune System

    Detailed information on the immune system, including a full-color, labeled illustration of the immune system

  • Adenovirus Infections

    Detailed information on adenovirus infections, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • AIDS/HIV in Children

    Detailed information on HIV and AIDS, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Diphtheria in Children

    Detailed information on diphtheria, including symptoms, transmission, treatment, and prevention

  • Fevers

    When your child has a fever, the body resets its thermostat at a higher temperature. This helps the body fight off invading microorganisms.

  • Influenza (Flu) in Children

    Influenza is a highly contagious infection of the upper respiratory system. It's one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season, affecting up to 20 percent of Americans each year.

  • Pediatric Glossary - Infectious Diseases

    Glossary of terms relating to infectious diseases

  • Hepatitis in Children

    Six main types of the hepatitis virus that have been identified: A, B, C, D, E, and G. Vaccination can protect children from several forms of hepatitis.

  • Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores

    Detailed information on cold sores and herpes simplex virus 1

  • Haemophilus Influenzae Infections

    Detailed information on Haemophilus influenzae, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, transmission, treatment, and prevention

  • HIV Home Care

    Detailed information on HIV home care for your child

  • Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs)

    Detailed information on human parainfluenza viruses, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Childhood Immunizations

    Your little one will need several immunization shots to help protect her from several childhood diseases, some of which can be deadly. Knowing which shots she needs, when, and what to do in the event of a minor reaction is important.

  • Home Page - Infectious Diseases in Children

    Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

  • Infectious Diseases

    Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

  • Meningococcal Infections

    Detailed information on meningococcal infections, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Mumps

    Mumps is a highly contagious viral illness that usually occurs in childhood. It is no longer common in the United States because children are now vaccinated against it.

  • Online Resources - Infectious Diseases in Children

    List of online resources to find additional information on infectious diseases

  • Pets and Infectious Diseases in Children

    One way to prevent the spread of disease from your pet: Feed your pet a balanced diet and avoid having your pet eat raw foods or drink out of the toilet.

  • Prevention of Infectious Disease

    Detailed information on prevention of infectious diseases

  • Poliomyelitis (Polio) in Children

    Detailed information on poliomyelitis, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Rabies in Children

    Rabies occurs mainly in skunks, raccoons, foxes, coyotes, and bats. In some areas, these wild animals infect domestic cats, dogs, and livestock.

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Children

    This infection is caused by a tick bite. Common symptoms are fever and a non-itchy rash that usually starts on the hands, arms, feet, and legs seven to 10 days after the bite.

  • Roseola

    Detailed information on roseola, including cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Rotavirus Infections

    Detailed information on rotavirus, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Rubella (German Measles) in Children

    Detailed information on rubella, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Rubeola (Measles)

    Detailed information on measles, including symptoms, complications, prevention, and treatment

  • Scarlet Fever

    Detailed information on scarlet fever, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Topic Index - Infectious Diseases in Children

    Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

  • Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

    Detailed information on staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Tuberculosis (TB) in Children

    Detailed information on tuberculosis, including risks, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Tetanus in Children

    Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by the toxin of the tetanus bacterium, which usually enters the body through an open wound.

  • Toxic Shock Syndrome

    Detailed information on toxic shock syndrome, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

    Detailed information on shingles, including symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment

  • West Nile Virus in Children

    Detailed information on West Nile virus, including symptoms, prevention, and treatment

  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in Children

    Detailed information on SARS, including symptoms, prevention, and treatment

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

    Whooping cough, or pertussis, mainly affects infants and young children. It is characterized by intense coughing spells that end with a characteristic whoop as air is inhaled.

  • Fifth Disease

    Fifth disease is caused by the human parvovirus. It is most prevalent in the winter and spring and is usually seen in school-aged children.

  • Hand Washing

    Use warm water to wet your hands, then apply soap. Rub your hands together for at least 10 seconds. Rinse thoroughly to remove all soap.

  • Impetigo

    Detailed information on impetigo, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Infectious Mononucleosis in Adolescents

    Infectious mononucleosis is caused by either the Epstein-Barr virus or the cytomegalovirus, both of which are members of the herpes simplex virus family.

  • Meningitis in Children

    Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord. Bacteria or viruses are the more common causes.

  • Lyme Disease in Children

    Lyme disease is the leading cause of all insect-borne illness in the United States. It is a year-round problem, although April through October is considered tick season.

  • MRSA and Children: What You Should Know

    MRSA infections generally begin as skin infections. The germ invades the skin through an open sore or scrape. For children, the most common source of infection is a simple cut.

  • Cat Scratch Disease in Children

    Cat scratch disease is most common in children under age 10. In almost all cases of cat scratch disease, the person who develops it will have had contact with a cat or kitten.

  • Campylobacter Infection in Children

    Campylobacter is more common in summer than in winter. Symptoms typically include cramping, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever.

  • Walking Pneumonia in Children

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is extremely common in school-aged children. It's the most common cause of pneumonia in this age group.

  • Trichomoniasis in Teens

    Most people who have a trichomoniasis infection don’t have symptoms. If symptoms occur, they may begin anywhere from a few days to months after infection.

  • Roundworm Infections in Children

    Children are more likely to be infected with roundworms because they are more likely to put their contaminated fingers in their mouths.

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