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What to Know About Your Treatment Options for Testicular Cancer

Treatments for testicular cancer are usually quite effective. Men with this cancer typically have an excellent chance of being cured and going on to live full, healthy lives. The main treatments used for testicular cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Depending on your situation, your doctor may recommend one or more of these treatments. 

It’s normal to want to learn all you can about testicular cancer and your treatment choices. It is also common to obtain a second opinion, when time permits, before you proceed with a treatment plan. You probably have many questions and concerns. Your doctor is the best person to ask about the possible risks and side effects. Your treatment choices for testicular cancer will depend on the following things:

  • The type of your cancer

  • The stage of your cancer

  • Your age and general health

You also want to consider personal issues when making treatment decisions.

Questions to ask your doctor about treatment

You may find it helpful to make a list of your questions before seeing your doctor. To make it easier to remember what your doctor says, take notes during meetings, or ask if you can record the conversation. It may also help to have a family member or friend with you to take part in the discussion, take notes, or just listen. Use the list of questions below as a starting place for the questions you might ask:

  • What treatments do you think are best for me and why?

  • What treatments do you think are not for me and why?

  • What is the success rate of this particular treatment for my type and stage of testicular cancer?

  • Can I take my other medicines during the treatment period?

  • What is the length of the treatment period?

  • How long will each treatment take?

  • Where do I have to go for the treatment?

  • Who is involved in giving me the treatment?

  • Does someone need to go with me during treatments?

  • How will I feel after the treatment?

  • What side effects can I expect to have?

  • How long will side effects last?

  • Are there side effects that I need to call you about?

  • What can I do to ease the side effects?

  • Will treatment affect my ability to have children? Should I bank sperm before treatment?

  • Will I be able to go to work and be around my family?

  • Should I change my diet? What foods can't I eat?

  • Are there any clinical trials I should look into?

  • Are there support groups nearby that I can join? 


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