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Types of Burns

  • Classification and Treatment of Burns

    Burns are classified as first-, second-, or third-degree, depending on how deep and severe they penetrate the skin's surface.

  • First-Degree Burns

    First-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, and dry, with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example.

  • Second-Degree Burns (Partial Thickness Burns)

    Second-degree burns involve the outer and middle layers of skin. The burn site appears red and blistered, and may be swollen and painful.

  • Third-Degree Burns

    This type of burn destroys the top two layers of skin. Treatment for third-degree burns depends on the amount of body surface area affected.

  • Preventing Burn Injuries

    Here are safety tips: Periodically, check electrical plugs and cords for dirt or fraying. When cooking with hot oil, keep your child a safe distance from the stove. Teach your child to stay away from lighters and matches.

  • Chemical Burns

    Chemical burns can occur when strong acids or alkalies come in contact with the skin and/or the eyes.

  • Heat or Thermal Burns

    A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when the skin comes in contact with any heat source, such as a cooking pan, an iron, a fire, a hot surface, or a hot, scalding liquid.

  • Electrical Burns

    Electrical burns occur when a child comes in contact with electricity, either alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC).

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